Efficient numeric methods in computational science 
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Teaching Staff in Charge 

Aims 
The purpose of this course is to aquainted the students with numerical methods for solving problems arising in Biology, Genetics, Mathematical Finance, etc. A study of efficiency of the presented methods, by comparing serial and parallel algorithms, will be made. 
Content 
1. The DNA molecules, which are the most important carrier of genetic material, are sequences defined on an alphabet composed by the letters A,G,C and T which represent the four nucleotides that enter in their composition. So, the study of biological sequences consists in the study of sequences in general, informatics in particular.
Under this circumstances, we take into account: sequences comparison the fitting or not fitting of some subsequences in long genetical sequences the insertion of some subsequences in given sequences etc. The methods involved: dinamic programming, prefix computation, etc. Due to the fact that the biological sequences are very long, the problem of reducing the execution time is very important. In order to solve this, some parallel algorithms are presented. 2. Many problems in Finance are mathematicaly modeled by means of differential equations. For instance, the problem of determining the value of an option is modeled by means of the BlackScholes equation. The study of some numerical methods in this domain implies: numerical methods for discretizing differential equations the BlackScholes method serial and parallel algorithms for solving exactly and approximatly the BlackScholes equation compariosn among the presented algorithms etc. 
References 
1. Chiorean, I., Parallel Prefix Computation in Biological Sequences Comparison using Linear Recurrence Relations, Proceedings of the Mediteranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, MEDICON 2004, Ischia (Italia), 31 iul5 aug, 2004
2. Chiorean, I., Remarks on some Parallel Algorithms for Prefix Computation, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol.18, no.3, 2005, pp.363369. 3. Chiorean, I., On some Numerical Methods for Solving the BlackScholes Formula, Creative mathematics journal, vol.13, 2004, Pub.by Dep.of Math.and Comp.Science, North Univ.BaiaMare, pp.3136 (conf.ICAM4, Suior, BaiaMare) 4. Chiorean, I., On the Complexity of some Parallel Algorithms for Biological sequences Comparison, Proc.of MEDINF 2003 Int.Conference, Craiova, 2003, pp.117118 5. Chiorean, I., Calcul paralel, Ed.Microinformatica, 1994 6. Berger, B., Introduction to Computational Molecular Biology, MIT comp Biology Ed., 1998 7. Etheridge, A., A Course in Financial Calculus, University Oxford 
Assessment 
Exam 